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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoils. found in the catalog.

effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoils.

W. G. Vogel

effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoils.

by W. G. Vogel

  • 176 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published in Northeastern forest experiment station .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Mine spoils.,
  • Reclamation.,
  • Trees -- Growth.,
  • Strip mining.

  • About the Edition

    The purpose of the study is to find an effective method of establishing both trees and herbaceous vegetation in reclamation of strip-mine spoil banks. It was found that the herbaceous plants suppressed the growth of trees until the third or fourth growing season. Other possibilities not tested in this study would be planting different species of trees and grasses.

    Edition Notes

    ContributionsResearch and Applied Technology Symposium on Mined-Land Reclamation (1973)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination12 p.
    Number of Pages12
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21637912M

    Special Issue Editors Johanna Riikonen Natural Resources Institute Finland, Finland Jaana Luoranen Natural Resources Institute Finland, Finland Editorial Office MDPI St. Alban-An. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Sitka alder is a deciduous shrub or, rarely, a small tree. Plants are typically multistemmed and bushy, up to 10 or 15 feet (3 or m) tall, often forming dense thickets [3,39].Occasionally, plants may grow to 30 or 40 feet (9 or 12 m) at lower elevations [3,27].Height growth generally decreases with increasing elevation [].

    1 or other surface treatments. 2 Bare site that has been compacted and smoothed with a bulldozer or scraper. 3 Bare site that has been raked with a root rake across the slope. 4 Loose with a rough surface greater than 30 cm. Treatment of the surface of a site can have a profound impact on the degree of erosion that may be expected from the site given an erosion event. Effect of Varieties and Fertility Levels on Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) under Aerobic Conditions Sandeep Kumar, Sarabdeep Kour and Meenakshi Gupta Low Cost Bio Adsorbent to Remediate Toxic Metal Ions from Aqueous Environment Rupa Sharma and Dinesh Mohan Performance of Garlic under Agri-Horti-Silviculture System in Relation to.

    Paper birch has been planted successfully on acid coal mine spoils. Survival of planting stock ranged from 58 to 98 percent on spoils with a pH ranging from to (25). Paper birch can be tapped in the spring to obtain sap from which syrup, wine, beer, or medicinal tonics can be made. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station (Ogden, Utah): An kt. gold sphere gives accurate heat flux data / (Ogden, Utah: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, ), also by Dwight S. Stockstad (page images at HathiTrust).


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Effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoils by W. G. Vogel Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Growth, nitrogen accumulation and nitrogen transfer by legume species established on mine spoils}, author = {Jefferies, R A and Bradshaw, A D and Putwain, P D}, abstractNote = {Nitrogen deficiency is an important factor limiting plant growth on many types of mine and mineral spoils.

One method of overcoming this problem is to use legume species which are able to. Effects of silvicultural treatments on survival and growth of trees planted on reclaimed mine lands in the Appalachians Article in Forest Ecology and Management () March with.

Benefits of vertical integration of lignite mines and power plants. Effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoils.

Vogel W G () The effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoils. In Proceedings of the Research and Applied Technology Symposium in Mined-Land Reclamation, National Coal Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Google ScholarCited by: Excessive herbaceous competition will impair survival and growth of planted trees, and should be avoided when re-establishing forest on mine sites.

Trees should be planted before or shortly after herbaceous seeding, so as to enable trees to get a good growing start while herbaceous groundcover is. Vogel WG () The effect of herbaceous vegetation on survival and growth of trees planted on coal-mine spoil. Proc. Res. and Applied Tech.

Symp. Mined Land Reclamation, Bituminouis Coal Res., Monroeville, Penna. Google ScholarCited by: 1. Introduction. Highly mechanized mining processes are widely used in surface mining because they generally provide an efficient approach for achieving high production (Shrestha and Lal, ).However, high production is also associated with large volumes of waste production (Ramani, ).During surface mining, the excavated materials from depths of m are stripped off and they vary Cited by: Early growth may be reduced by a combination of shade, low soil fertility, and competing herbaceous vegetation [60,61].

Shading alone has little effect on initial seedling establishment [ 60 ]. Vegetative regeneration: Northern red oak commonly sprouts vigorously after plants are damaged or killed by fire or mechanical injury [ ]. The reclamation of surface (opencast) coal mines is not always successful; there remains a legacy of degraded land that burdens local communities.

This article evaluates a community-oriented, low-cost means of geoecological regeneration, the “Cradle for Nature” strategy, which uses mosaic tree planting to foster positive natural ecological processes. Introduction. The historical land cover of the coal-mining region of the Appalachian Plateau is a diverse matrix of trees, shrubs, and hundreds of species of perennial and annual herbaceous plants ().The eastern deciduous forests of the Appalachian region are part of one of the most diverse non-tropical ecosystems in the world (Ricketts et al.

), and they provide ecological Cited by: There was higher survival for seedlings compared to those from seed (98% vs. 52% for83% vs. 61% inand 84% vs.

61% inrespectively), although by the second and fifth growing seasons, unsheltered trees planted as seeds exhibited similar survival to seedlings (Figure 2A).Author: Sarah L. Hall, Christopher D.

Barton, Kenton L. Sena, Patrick Angel. It is primarily used for reforestation projects on cool, moist sites below upper timberline. It has been used to a limited extent for revegetation and long-term stabilization of high-elevation mine spoils [4,96].

In west-central Alberta, Engelmann spruce x white spruce hybrids were observed invading coal mine spoils at high elevations. The waste, subgrade ROM and fine dumps of iron ore mines are characterized by high rock fragment contents, low moisture retention capacity, higher bulk density, low nutrients, lower pH and elevated metal concentrations.

Use of suitable revegetation programme, that require the selection of right type of plants to be used vis-à-vis the site condition and characteristics, can enhance the long Cited by: 8. VEGETATIVE STABILIZATION OF MINERAL WASTE HEAPS (A SURVEY) TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract ii List of Figures vii List of Tables viii Acknowledgments ix Sections Conclusions 1 State-of-the-Art 1 Regional Considerations 2 Recommendations 3 Mineral Waste Heaps as Sources of Hazardous Air Pollutants and Fugitive Dust Emissions 3 Using Solid Wastes as Waste Heap.

The cost analysis is tabulated in two appendixes. R AVAILABILITY OF NITROGEN TO PLANTS IN ACID COAL MINE SPOILS Cornwell, S. and Stone, E. L., Nature ^, (). This short arti- cle contains results of a nitrogen study made on acid mine spoils to learn its effect. This banner text can have markup.

web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Areas seeded with herbaceous plants showed low numbers and cover by trees, while areas not seeded with herbaceous plants were almost as heavily covered by trees as undisturbed areas.

New guidelines are being developed to aid survival and growth of mid to late-successional trees on newly-reclaimed sites. Dutta and Agrawal () carried out a study on the effect of tree plantations on the soil characteristics and microbial activity of coalmine spoil land and realized that higher values of total N in comparison with fresh mine is due to the organic matter accumulation in soil by roots and leaching of N from the herbaceous vegetation of the by: @article{osti_, title = {Third biennial symposium on surface coal mine reclamation on the Great Plains, Billings, Montana, March}, author = {Munshower, F F and Fisher, S E}, abstractNote = {This book presents the papers given at a symposium which considered regulatory status and change, surface mine planning and impact mitigation, coal development and wildlife, soil and.

In eastern Ohio, USA, deep soil ripping and chestnut plantings yielded high survival (81–77%) and tree growth (up to 2 m) after five growing seasons. Like other tree species used in coal mine reclamation, American chestnut forms beneficial ectomycorrhizal (ECM) symbioses with root colonizing fungi [23–25].

ECM plants have been found to Cited by: 3. Woody plants: On some sites, crownvetch may limit shrub and tree seedling recruitment and delay succession. In a revegetation guide for coal mine spoils in the eastern United States, Vogel recommended against planting crownvetch with tree seedlings, and a review reports that crownvetch often shades out shrub and tree seedlings."A report on year survival and growth of trees planted on coal- stripped lands in Pennsylvania's bituminous region." 43 1.

HORN, MARTIN L. AND W. W. WARD The revegetation of highly acid spoil banks in the bituminous coal region of Pennsylvania.Jha, A.K., Arvind Singh, A.N. Singh and J.S.

Singh. Evaluation of direct seeding of tree species as a means of revegetation of coal mine spoils. Indian Forester (11): Khurana, E. and J.S. Singh. Influence of seed size on seedling growth of Albizia procera under different soil water levels.